The terms of the armistice are betrayal of the homeland

English - الخميس 19 مايو 2022 الساعة 06:15 م
Sana'a, NewsYemen, private:

 It was also expected from all observers of the Yemeni issue and observers of the implementation of the terms of the UN armistice launched on the second of last April, and whose time was set at two months, that the Iranian-backed terrorist Houthi militia would be the first beneficiary of it.

Today, only a few days remain from the life of the truce, and its most important provisions related to the interest of the majority of Yemenis have not been implemented, while the provisions that serve the Houthi militias have been implemented only, as they benefited "militarily, economically and politically."

Militarily, through a cease-fire and stopping the raids of the Arab coalition, during which the militias managed to rearrange the ranks of their elements and their fronts, and mobilized their equipment and equipment, to the fronts freely, as there were no raids to prevent the transfer of ballistic missiles and Iranian drones with the launch of their platforms to the fronts such as Al-Jawf and Saada.  Hajjah and the vicinity of Ma’rib, and the transfer of equipment coming from Iran through the port of Hodeidah freely to Sana’a, Saada and Amran.

It was also able to create sites, dig tunnels and trenches, rebuild barricades, erect missile platforms and marches, and deploy qualitative tactical weapons in strategic areas of contact, in Marib, where oil and gas sources lie, or the western coast, where its ports are, and the most important waterway for international trade and navigation. 

Economically, the militias benefited from the provision of entering oil and gas derivatives into the port of Hodeidah, by selling these derivatives at prices announced by the state institutions under their control in Sana’a, double what they were before the armistice, which saved them sums of more than 124 billion riyals, not 90 billion  The Yemeni government also announces, regarding the proceeds of 12 ships that entered the port out of 18 ships stipulated in the provisions of the armistice.

The militias also benefited by strengthening their black market with these materials and creating new crises in their areas, through which they promoted that the coalition and the Yemeni government are behind them, and thus benefited from them in creating a local public opinion, with which all concessions made by the government in order to make the truce succeed.

The entry of oil ships provided an abundance of fuel stocks for the militias to be used in the future to finance their combat operations by using them to operate combat mechanisms, missile launchers and other war logistics.

The data of the United Nations Inspection and Oversight Mechanism in Yemen showed a significant increase in the proportion of food and fuel imports to the Houthi-controlled port of Hodeidah during the first month of the truce, by 40 percent in terms of food imports, and 284 percent in terms of fuel, compared to the monthly average during the past year.

Opening of Sanaa airport

 With regard to the provision of opening Sana’a airport, the militias have achieved great political and diplomatic success by pushing the Yemeni government and the coalition to submit to its conditions by using travelers through scheduled flights from the airport that have already started recently, passports issued from their regions, despite the government’s false justification that returnees from those flights will be granted with passports issued by the Yemeni embassies in Jordan and Cairo, which is not actually the case.

 In addition to achieving success for passports, it has also achieved financial returns through the value of passports issued from issuance centers located in their areas of control, and are recognized by the countries receiving the trips, which Egypt rejected, but there is pressure currently exerted against Cairo to accept those trips.  

Prisoners' file

 In the prisoners’ clause, the militias achieved many gains, including that 163 prisoners were released by Saudi Arabia. The militias refused to receive them and accused Saudi Arabia of forging the names of the prisoners, meaning that it destroyed the Saudi initiative, on the pretext that it released Yemenis who were arrested for violating residency.  In the Kingdom, although the operation was supervised by the United Nations and the International Red Cross.

 It also tried to deny its prisoners to justify announcements of the death of many of them previously, and it married women prisoners who said that they died in the battles, it turned out that they were alive among the released prisoners, and thus repudiated its obligations before the families and families in the areas of its control, in addition to that it will demand the coalition and the government in the future for the names of its prisoners who  They were released and thus she has an excuse to obstruct any settlement process with this file.

The Roads Clause.. The Cornerstone

 With regard to the implementation of the clause on opening roads and crossings for the movement of civilians, goods and commodities, which is the most humane clause in the truce, whose logic and premise are purely humanitarian, as the militias, through their spokesman and head of their negotiating delegation, Muhammad Abd al-Salam, denied that they had agreed to this clause when the truce clauses were presented to them before it was launched in  Early last April.

 Abdul Salam said, in a tweet on Twitter, "The terms of the armistice are clear and unambiguous, stipulating the cessation of military operations, the opening of the Hodeidah port for a certain number of ships, and the opening of Sana'a Airport for two flights per week and to two destinations, Jordan and Egypt."

He added: "Whoever makes up any other conditions is the one who obstructs the implementation of the truce, and it is assumed that it is humane to deal with it without any politicization."

 Despite that provocative and clear statement that the group explicitly repudiated the implementation of this clause, the leader of the militias and a member of the so-called Supreme Political Council of the group, Muhammad Ali al-Houthi, set three conditions for implementing the opening of roads.

He indicated in his tweet on Twitter, that the fighting must end, and the military positions on both sides should be lifted, and then roads should be opened on both sides.

Other Impossible Conditions

 In this regard, well-informed sources close to the Houthis revealed other conditions that are considered impossible for the implementation of the clause on opening roads and crossings in all Yemeni regions, including that the roads that will be opened under the supervision of their members, by setting up checkpoints in them, and that the movement process be limited.  In it, families and humanitarian cases, and that the process of movement is during a certain period of time in the day, while taxes are imposed on any goods that will be transported through it for the benefit of the Houthis, which will not be accepted by the official side, according to the sources expected.

But what is known about the militias and has become a reality for everyone inside and outside Yemen, is that the Houthis have not committed to any agreement since the Saada wars, while the Yemeni governments implement all their commitments, so it is not expected that the militias will implement an agreement that does not serve their interests first, as they do not care about any commitment towards  Yemeni people. 

The sources pointed out that the militias want to equalize the crossings and roads of Yemeni cities closed by their elements, with the conditions imposed on them for the return of navigation to Sanaa International Airport, noting that the Houthis stipulated restricting freedom of movement on roads and crossings, especially those heading to Taiz.  Navigation has also been restricted at Sanaa Airport, with two flights to Egypt and Jordan, and for humanitarian cases.

While it was expected that the days following the opening of Sanaa Airport to commercial flights, a wide popular movement from the people of the besieged governorates, especially Taiz, to demand and pressure the international community, including the United Nations, to compel the Houthis to implement the provision of opening roads and crossings, those areas witnessed a movement of people  And activists, whose number does not exceed 100, are in front of the Taiz crossings.

 And the movement on the communication sites recorded a greater presence than the presence on the ground in Taiz and others, where it was expected that Taiz would witness demonstrations, sit-ins and sit-ins, as is well-known for its sons, who went out on an “occasion and without an occasion” in such demonstrations.

 Many observers attributed the absence of any large-scale protests in this context from the people of Taiz, as being restricted by the interests and intercourse between the Houthis and the Islah party that dominates the scene in Taiz, where there are interests between the two sides regarding the closure of ports and roads in the governorate, as well as the common intercourse between the two terrorist groups to fight the official government and the coalition in implementation of a foreign agenda.

government side

 In this context, the government side remained the only demand from the international community to pressure the militias to implement the clause of opening roads and crossings and lifting the siege on Taiz, where the Minister of Information Muammar Al-Eryani said that the militias continue to put obstacles and obstacles in the way of implementing the provisions of the armistice, and to make excuses to evade their obligations to lift the siege.  about Taiz.

 In a press statement, the Iranian called on the international community, the United Nations and the UN envoy to pressure the militias to implement the terms of the armistice, stop their violations on various fighting fronts, and immediately and unconditionally lift the siege on the city of Taiz.

For his part, Foreign Minister Ahmed Awad bin Mubarak confirmed that the Houthi militias are still to this day procrastinating in implementing their truce obligations, especially those related to lifting the siege on the city of Taiz, facilitating the movement of civilians and alleviating the humanitarian crisis in the besieged governorate for more than seven years.

During his meeting with his American counterpart, Anthony Blinken, he called on the United States and the international community to do their duty towards the besieged civilians in the city of Taiz and to pressure the Houthi militias to open the city's crossings.

Ibn Mubarak stressed the importance of benefiting and building on what has been achieved and working not to thwart the truce, warning that this would lead to a return to the square of conflict again, a matter for which the Houthi militias will bear the responsibility.

international movements

 For his part, the US Secretary of State affirmed his country's commitment to work with the United Nations and the international community to end the war and bring peace to Yemen, and work to alleviate human suffering on all Yemenis.

For his part, the envoy of the Secretary-General of the United Nations, "Hans Grundberg", said that Yemen cannot afford to return to the military escalation and political stalemate that prevailed before the humanitarian truce was announced in early April.

And he stated during his participation in a press conference held by the spokesman for the Secretary-General, "Stephan Dujarric", after the closed Security Council session on Yemen, on Tuesday, stressing the continuation of work with the parties and dialogue with them to overcome existing challenges and ensure the extension of the armistice scheduled to expire after two weeks.

Grundberg stressed that the humanitarian truce, "which consists of a set of temporary and exceptional measures, represents a historical moment in itself," adding that it "needs to be supported by a political process that helps its continuity."

 He referred to the commitment to hold a bilateral meeting on opening roads in Taiz and other governorates, and said that "the government has identified officials to communicate from its side to attend a meeting sponsored by the United Nations according to the terms of the armistice" in Jordan, and we are waiting for the Houthis to appoint their representatives in the upcoming meeting.

 The United States, France and the European Union had called on the Yemeni parties to complete the implementation of the provisions of the UN truce, including the opening of roads and crossings, especially in Taiz, and affirmed their support for the UN efforts aimed at maintaining the truce and moving towards comprehensive peace in Yemen.

Finally, protests and calls must escalate inside Yemen, to demand the opening of roads and crossings, in Taiz, the "Haradh" land port linking Yemen and Saudi Arabia in Hajjah Governorate, Sana'a-Ma'rib Road, Aqaba Thura in Al-Bayda, Al-Dhalea, North Lahij, and other areas  that impede the free movement of civilians, unconditionally, as a humanitarian requirement.