He denied their Hashemites and attached them to the Persians.. Al-Hamdani was the first opponent of the priestly dynasty

English - Tuesday 28 March 2023 الساعة 02:12 pm
Al-Mocha, NewsYemen, Muhammad Yahya:

Throughout the centuries of its rule in Yemen, the dynasty Hadawi Imamate worked to tear the social fabric and distort the Yemeni identity, which put it in permanent confrontation with the Yemenis who revolted against it early, by returning to their Himyarite and Sabaean roots and their authentic historical identity.

With the advent of the Hadawis to Yemen, in the third Hijri century, the country witnessed serious and major wars and social ruptures, after the idea of war and plunder turned into legitimate tribal culture and sectarian behavior, when the imams turned the Yemeni agricultural tribe into groups of warriors, bandits, and gangs.

The Hadawi invaders worked to distort opponents and competitors, to alienate the people around them, to withdraw from them and to weaken their side. Thus, al-Hadi Yahya bin al-Hussein, through his historians and biographers, distorted his opponents in order to turn people against them and revolt against them, accusing them of every disgrace and shortcoming for the lawfulness of their blood.

Al-Hassan Al-Hamdani, who is considered the first founder of the national liberation principles, lived through the first moments of the establishment of the “Hadawi Imamate” state, so he desperately defended Yemen and its civilizational glory, and courageously opposed the dynastic imam thought.

Al-Hamdani, who was born in the city of Sana’a in the year 280 AH and grew up in it, is Abu Muhammad Al-Hassan bin Ahmed bin Yaqoub bin Dawood bin Suleiman Al-Arhabi Al-Hamdani, the historian, poet, genealogist, and knowledgeable in astronomy, philosophy, and literature, known as “The Tongue of Yemen,” as he was called “the weaver’s son.”  For being a descendant of a family that inherited knitting and educating rhymes.

Al-Hamdani grew up in the city of Sana’a and toured the country, settled in Makkah for a time, returned to Yemen, resided in Saada for several years, and satirized its Imami poets, so “Al-Nasser” Ahmed bin “Al-Hadi” Yahya bin Al-Hussein imprisoned him and demolished his house.

And the historians of the Hadawi imams mentioned: Al-Hamedani was arrested because he argued with the preference of the Qahtan tribe over Adnan, and he despised what God glorified and dared to disparage whom God chose and meant the person of the imam.

Al-Hassan Al-Hamdani found himself forced to fight a harsh war, in front of a gang of invaders claiming to be chosen and surrounding themselves with sanctity, not only confiscating his land, but forcing him to work on it for hire, so Al-Hamdani was forced to attack the priestly dynasty, and be proud of his Qahtani Yemeni identity.

The tongue of Yemen sensed an imbalance due to the changes that were taking place in full swing, and his scientific and social status gave him an influence on those around him, and his dominance in the debates that took place between him and the imams' advocates resonated widely.

The "Imam" Al-Hadi Al-Rassi wanted to establish, through his call for a priestly dynastic rule, based on the theories of the divine right to rule, which is called in the Zaidi literature the theory of the two belly, which means the monopoly of rule for a particular dynasty, and from here were the first beginnings of the national movement, which  She saw that these ideas represent a direct threat to the cultural heritage of the Yemenis and their identity, which is rooted in human history.

After his release from the Imamate prison in Saada, Al-Hamdani headed towards Sana’a, to be subjected there to the ordeal of imprisonment again at the hands of the “Emir of Sana’a” Asaad bin Yafar, at the instigation of the “Imam of Saada” Al-Nasser bin Al-Hadi, and he spends more than “21” months in prison,  To be released after the northern regions of Yemen were abuzz with rebellion and revolution, and the page of the “Imama” was almost closed forever, according to what historians wrote.

After his release from Sana'a prison, Al-Hamdani went to Raida, where he settled for the rest of his life, and devoted himself there to writing and writing, desperately defending Yemen and its civilizational glory.

Al-Hamdani wrote many books, many of which are still unknown. Among his most important books are:

The book "The Two Ancient Jewels": in Chemistry, in which he was the first to refer to the reality of earthly gravity.

 He also wrote the book "The Characteristic of the Arabian Peninsula", in which he presented evidence of the sphericity of the earth, in addition to his famous book "Al-Ikleel", in which he recounts the news of the Arabs and previous nations, as well as the book "Al-Damgha".  It is a long poem, about 600 verses, in which Al-Hamdani is proud of his faith and Qahtaniyyah.

The book “Al-Ikleel” is considered the most important book of Al-Hassan Al-Hamedani, and only four parts and some parts were found among its ten parts: the first, the second, and some of the sixth, eighth, and tenth, and fingers are pointed at the imams in the disappearance of those parts.  Because Al-Hamdani denied the Hashemites and attached them to the Persians.

What confirms the accusation of concealing parts of the wreath by the imams is what Amin al-Rayhani wrote in his book “Kings of the Arabs,” where he indicates that while he was in Sana’a during the rule of Imam Yahya Hamid al-Din.  The complete book “Al-Ikleel” with its ten parts was in the Imami Library.

Al-Hamdani died in Raida, but his grave today is unknown, and there is a dispute about the date of his death, but some historians suggest that he lived beyond the 336 Hijri year corresponding to the year 947.