The Houthi militia... nine years of destruction and weakening of Yemen and the YemenisEnglish - Friday 22 September 2023 الساعة 08:39 am
On September 21, 2014, Yemen entered a devastating phase that turned the country into a humanitarian disaster, undermined the economy, tore apart the infrastructure, and collapsed the humanitarian protection systems: health, electricity, and education.
Nearly nine years of war and economic decline have weakened Yemen and the Yemenis, and taken a heavy toll on the lives, health, and economic prospects of the Yemeni people.
The United Nations Development Program estimates that about 377,000 people have lost their lives due to the direct and indirect effects of the conflict in Yemen, about two-thirds of those killed are children under the age of five.
Since 2019, the United Nations has cited Yemen as the world's worst humanitarian crisis, and it is estimated that half of the total number of those who lost their lives died from indirect causes such as lack of food, healthcare or infrastructure.
World Bank reports confirm that epilepsy in Yemen has caused a severe economic and humanitarian crisis, and estimates indicate that the real gross domestic product has fallen by almost half since the beginning of the conflict, although there will be a slight recovery in 2022.
Of Yemen's total population of about 34 million people, the June 2023 Capacity Assessment Project report confirms that 28 million people have been affected by the conflict, 23.4 million people are in need of assistance, 17 million people suffer from acute food insecurity, and millions of Yemenis have been displaced.
The World Bank says in its Humanitarian Needs Review, 2022, that infectious diseases are spreading widely, the country is facing a shortage of medicines, and is suffering from the disruption of basic health and education services and the destruction of infrastructure, including road networks.
The Houthi militia war wiped out the gains made as a result of losses in material and human capital, internal displacement, fragmentation of financial institutions, the flight of national capital and the migration of talent.
Economic reports confirm that the Houthi militia undermined development efforts and destroyed infrastructure, causing unemployment rates to increase and inflation to rise.
International reports and studies on Yemen indicate that if the war ends now, recovery will take decades, as the economy has been severely torn apart by a decade of war.